ASHGABAT – SIGHTSEEING
The capital of the Soviet Turkmen Republic is Ashgabat. When Turkmenistan gained independence in 1991, authorities severely restricted entry for foreign citizens. To date, the country has the status of “most closed.” The city itself is very beautiful, but on the streets, as a rule, there are not very many people. Mostly you meet soldiers, they should never be photographed so as not to create conflict situations. Ashgabat is listed in the Guinness Book of Records, due to the fact that the white marble walls occupy the largest area – about 4.5 million square meters
The history of the Turkmen capital began with the Tekin tribes, who were the first to settle on previously uninhabited land. They chose a small plot of land for their settlement, which was located in the foothills of the Kopetdag, and gave it the name Ashg-Abad. Translated from the Türkic language it meant “populated by the loving.” At the end of the nineteenth century, the Russian Empire sent its troops to seize the region. And on the site of the former Ashgabad, a military garrison was built, the first railway was laid. All changes and innovations led to the development of the region and the settlement, which no one had heard of, turned into a crowded city.
Ashgabat residents are friendly and always hospitable. The tradition of receiving guests is still preserved. Dishes with food, which they plan to treat their visitors, spread on a large tablecloth. In this region, such a canvas is considered sacred, so it is strictly forbidden to step on it. Before the meal, they must thank the Lord. Then begins the treat. They try to cook the most delicious for guests, because the sacred duty of a friendly host is a good welcome
The older generation in Ashgabat is always honored and respected. No one has the right to refuse their request, dispute anything or express their dissatisfaction. Parents are honored and unquestioningly fulfill all their requirements. The head of the family, definitely the father, and he has the right to evaluate the actions of his children, but at the same time protecting his family is the sacred duty of any man. Honor for the population of this region is of great importance, no one has the right to encroach on it, especially when it comes to relatives. Friendship and love are not just empty words for the residents of Ashgabat. They cherish feelings and will never hurt another person.
Since Ashgabat is a relatively young city, there are no ancient monuments on its territory. But then what can you see? Not far from the city are the ruins of the old town of Nisa, which existed for more than a thousand years BC. Now it has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This city was the capital of the Parthian kingdom, and its founder is Mithridates the First. Walking through the surviving ruins, you will see two fortresses. One of them belonged to the Old Nisa, the other to its New part. In addition to them, the remains of the residence of the kings, temples, halls of palaces and a treasury of rulers are preserved here
Another interesting place to go is the village where Turkmenbashi Kipchak was born and lived. Here you will see a mosque of white marble. The area occupied by the landmark is eighteen thousand square kilometers; in the smallest room where believers indulged in fellowship with the Lord, 10,000 people could fit. Walking around the old mosque, you can see the sarcophagus, in which Kipchak found his peace.